skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 120972 Find in a Library
Title: Genesis of New York City's Experimental Needle Exchange Program
Journal: International Journal on Drug Policy  Volume:1  Issue:2  Dated:(September/October 1989)  Pages:28-32
Author(s): C Gillman
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 5
Type: Program Description (Model)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This case study demonstrates how a private advocacy organization (the Association for Drug Abuse Prevention and Treatment) influenced gaining assent for a small needle exchange program in New York City to help reduce the transmission of the AIDS virus among and through intravenous drug users.
Abstract: The program provides sterile needles in exchange for used needles to help reduce the risk of transmitting the AIDS virus through the reuse of "dirty" needles. It took 3 years for the city to approve a small experimental needle exchange program. There are broad forces in New York City that determine how government will respond to an issue as controversial as a needle exchange program for addicts at risk from AIDS. This study identifies these forces. It analyzes the policy formulation of the needle exchange program from a sociological perspective. The article's thesis is that when dominant political forces perpetuate a status quo and fail to respond to an epidemic, a private advocacy organization representing a competing ideology becomes necessary to compel the government to act. The article applies the concepts of repressed and dominant structural interests (Alford, 1975) before reviewing international needle regulations and efforts to institute New York City's needle exchange program. It proposes that a competing ideology is emerging and discusses implications for New York City's test project. 39 references.
Main Term(s): AIDS/HIV prevention
Index Term(s): AIDS/HIV transmission; Drug use; New York
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.