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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 121008 Find in a Library
Title: Corrections Versus Care: Fulfilling a Mandate in Transition
Journal: Future Choices: Toward a National Youth Policy  Dated:Premier Edition (Spring 1989)  Pages:62-70
Author(s): C T Holding
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 9
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Juvenile corrections is examined in terms of current problems, Federal policies and funding, and future policy options.
Abstract: The juvenile crime rate has declined since the 1970's, but pretrial detention and confinement in training schools continues to rise. The high recidivism rates for incarcerated youths have resulted in charges that the institutions are not rehabilitating youths and that their overcrowding and abusive practices violate youths' rights. As a result, many reforms have been proposed. The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 represented the Federal government's effort to take over the leadership of the juvenile justice effort. In the 1980's Federal funding for juvenile justice programs has continued at a lower level than in the 1970's, despite administration efforts to make juvenile justice the responsibility of the States only. Action proposals currently reflect two extremes, one focusing on incarcerating more antisocial youth to protect the public and the other focusing on rehabilitating delinquent youths. Policymakers considering these options and their funding implications must first define the goal they want juvenile corrections to achieve. Reference notes.
Main Term(s): Juvenile correctional reform
Index Term(s): Corrections policies; Federal programs; Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness; Juvenile Corrections/Detention trends
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