skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 121101 Find in a Library
Title: Census of Local Jails, 1988
Author(s): J Stephan
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This bulletin presents major findings from the Bureau of Justice Statistics' 1988 nationwide census of local jails.
Abstract: This report defines a jail as a "locally administered confinement facility that holds persons pending adjudication or persons committed after adjudication, usually for sentences of a year or less." Local jails held 343,569 persons on June 30, 1988, 54 percent more than in 1983, the year of the last National Jail Census. There were 144 inmates per 100,000 U.S. residents, 47 percent higher than in 1983. The number of female inmates nearly doubled (93 percent) since the last census, and the male inmate count rose 51 percent. Of the inmates discharged in the week preceding the census, the median length of stay was 3 days. Jail space, as measured by the number of beds or inmates assigned by a State or local rating official, increased by nearly two-fifths between 1978 and 1988. For the Nation as a whole, the jail population was 101 percent of the rated capacity, up from 85 percent in 1983. Twelve percent of the jails were under Federal or State court order or consent decree to limit the number of inmates. AIDs accounted for 10 percent of 667 inmate deaths during the year ending June 30, 1988; and suicide accounted for 43 percent of deaths. Other data cover number of jail employees and jail expenditures. 24 tables.
Main Term(s): Inmate statistics; Jails
Index Term(s): Inmate fatalities; State-by-state analyses
Note: Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin, February 1990.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.