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NCJ Number: 121121 Find in a Library
Title: Hereditary Pauperism as Illustrated in the "Juke" Family (From White Trash: The Eugenic Family Studies 1877-1919, P 33-47, 1988, Nicole Hahn Rafter, ed. -- See NCJ-121120)
Author(s): R L Dugdale
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Northeastern University Press
Boston, MA 02115
Sale Source: Northeastern University Press
Managing Manager
360 Huntington Avenue
Boston, MA 02115
United States of America
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In 1874, a research study was begun to determine if pauperism was hereditary.
Abstract: Descendants of Ada Juke and his wife manifested numerous defects, including pauperism, and were considered an example of hereditary pauperism produced by the syphilis that the oldest son had acquired before marriage. The family was also characterized by interfamily and interracial marriages, and it was concluded that this also contributed to pauperism. Another family member was characterized by environmentally-induced pauperism, given the absence of inherited disease. In reviewing the lineage of the oldest son who had syphilis, continuity was found in the behavior of his offspring; all his daughters except two were prostitutes. The uncommon licentiousness of the Juke family stock in general excluded them from social recognition and further, geographic, industrial, and social factors seemed to favor the hereditary transmission of weakness and pauperism.
Main Term(s): Biological influences
Index Term(s): Caucasian/White Americans; Criminality prediction; Family histories; Social conditions
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