skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 121210 Find in a Library
Title: Determination of Shoe Size in Out-of-Scale Photographs
Journal: Journal of Forensic Identification  Volume:40  Issue:1  Dated:(January/February 1990)  Pages:1-13
Author(s): A Mankevich
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 13
Type: Report (Technical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study showed that the use of mathematical calculations is a workable approach to solving shoe print size in out-of-scale photographs taken at crime scenes.
Abstract: Fifty-five photographs of a standard shoe print, excluding scale, were taken, and three approaches based on mathematical theorems and ratios were used to determine shoe size. The ratio method comparing shoe print to a reference object was a straightforward approach to measuring the length of shoe prints photographed without a scale. The grid method expressed the heel and toe as being two points on a grid. The triangle method employed a line to bisect the shoe print through its heel and toe and treated the bisecting line as a segment of the hypotenuse of a right triangle. For all methods, measurements of objects captured in photograph backgrounds were used to convert photographic measurements of shoe prints into whatever units were used to measure the background objects. In general, mathematical calculation results fell within an acceptable margin of error. Two areas of inconsistency, however, persisted throughout the study. One involved the necessity to estimate fractions of grid blocks in the grid method. The other involved the process by which judgments were applied to identify the photographic viewpoint as vertical or near vertical; these judgments affected the choice of converged line to serve distortion control. 4 references, 2 tables.
Main Term(s): Shoe prints and tire tracks
Index Term(s): Evidence identification; Investigative techniques; Suspect identification
Note: Presented at the 74th Annual Educational Conference, Pensacola, FL
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=121210

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.