skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 121251 Find in a Library
Title: Demonstrations in the Federal Republic of Germany: Context, Police Strategies and Guiding Rules for Police Tactics
Journal: Police Studies  Volume:12  Issue:2  Dated:(Summer 1989)  Pages:51-58
Author(s): H P Ludwig
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 8
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: An increase in the number of public demonstrations, as well as in the amount of violence associated with such demonstrations, has led the police of the Federal Republic of Germany to develop new techniques to handle such events.
Abstract: These include better cooperation with demonstration organizers, strategies for deescalation, and an increased ability to locate and remove a small number of people who may wish to use an otherwise peaceful demonstration for violent or criminal purposes. 2 tables, 1 note. (Publisher abstract)
Main Term(s): Police tactical deployment
Index Term(s): Demonstrator arrests; Germany; Police crowd control training
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.