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NCJ Number: 121301 Find in a Library
Title: Comparison of Drug Abuse in Different Military Populations
Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:34  Issue:4  Dated:(July 1989)  Pages:848-857
Author(s): S B Needleman; R W Romberg
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 10
Type: Test/Measurement
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Quantitative analytical data, generated at the Navy Drug Screening Laboratory, Great Lakes, Illinois, expressed as percent confirmed positive for four drugs of abuse (marijuana metabolite, cocaine metabolite, amphetamines, and opiates) are summarized and compared according to their population of origin. The four populations of interest included U.S. Navy and Marine Corps recruits and service school members.
Abstract: Confirmed positive urines for marijuana showed a small but significant decline from about 1.2 percent confirmed positive among U.S. Navy recruits entering service school commands in 1984 to 0.9 percent among Navy service school members in 1988 and from 2.0 percent among U.S. Marine Corps recruits entering service schools in 1984 to 0.8 percent among Marine Corps service school members in 1988. Navy and Marine Corps recruits showed a significantly higher confirmed positive use rate (6.1 and 3.3 percent, respectively) compared to service school members, perhaps reflecting their recent civilian use pattern. The relatively high confirmed positive cocaine rate among all groups may have reflected an increasing trend in all populations confirming a similar trend in high school and other civilian populations. Generally, the frequency of confirmed positive urines with amphetamines and opiates, based upon the findings at the Navy Drug Screening Laboratory at Great Lakes, has been static except for an apparent recent increase in amphetamine use in 1988. The decline in confirmed positive drug urinalyses among service school members from both the Navy and Marine Corps indicated that perhaps education and maturity had a positive effect upon their behavior. (Author abstract)
Main Term(s): Drug abuse
Index Term(s): Amphetamines; Cocaine; Marijuana; Military crime; Opioids; Trend analysis
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