skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 121456 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: America's Shame, America's Hope: Twelve Million Youth at Risk
Author(s): R C Smith; C A Lincoln
Corporate Author: MDC, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 65
Sponsoring Agency: Charles Stewart Mott Foundation
Flint, MI 48502
MDC, Inc
Chapel Hill, NC 27514
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This analysis of the educational reform movements of the 1980's concludes that a growing proportion of youth are at risk of emerging from school unprepared for further education or for the kind of work available in an increasingly complex society.
Abstract: The analysis notes that by 1990 three-quarters of all jobs will require educational or technical training beyond high school. However, the basic skills in the workforce will not enable the United States to compete in a world economy. In addition, Federal funding is insufficient to serve most of the low-income children needing preschool education, children needing remediation, children needing bilingual education, and youths needing job training. State and local funding and State standards have risen, but the school reform movement is benefiting only 70 percent of the students. The low-income, minority students are still not being effectively educated. Nevertheless, the main barriers to helping at-risk youth do not concern lack of money. Instead, they relate to the failure to perceive them as in need of specific long-term attention, resistance to institutional change at the State and local levels, and an absence of genuine leadership at the Federal level. The State efforts are positive, but much more needs to be done. Appended data tables, State-by-State analyses, list of contact persons in each State, and 76 references.
Main Term(s): Educationally disadvantaged persons
Index Term(s): Education; Elementary school education; High school education; School dropouts; Youth development
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.