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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 121567 Find in a Library
Title: Physical Violence in American Families: Incidence Rates, Causes, and Trends
Author(s): M A Straus
Corporate Author: University of New Hampshire
Family Violence Research Program
United States of America
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 35
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
National Science Foundation
Arlington, VA 22230
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
University of New Hampshire
Durham, NH 03824
Grant Number: R01MH40027; T32MH15161; SES8520232
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examines the nature and measurement of family violence, the extent of family violence in America, the social causes of family violence, and trends in family violence.
Abstract: The definition of violence used for this research is "an act carried out with the intention or perceived intention of causing physical pain or injury to another person." Based on national surveys conducted in 1975 and 1985, using the Conflict Tactics Scales, the risk of assault within the family is many times greater than that of being assaulted by a non-family person. This is particularly true for women, with the rate of intrafamily assaults on them being approximately 4,000 per 100,000 women. Some of the social causes of family violence are the inherently high level of conflict in families, inequality between men and women, cultural norms which permit intrafamily violence, and family training in violence. Although trend analysis shows significant decreases in family violence between 1975 and 1985, violence is still endemic in the American family and warrants intensified efforts to address it. 1 table, 7 figures, 6 footnotes, 39 references.
Main Term(s): Domestic assault; Filial violence
Index Term(s): Crime patterns; Trend analysis; Violence causes
Note: To appear as a chapter in "Abused and Battered: Social and Legal Responses to Family Violence," Miller and Knudsen, eds.
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