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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 121574 Find in a Library
Title: Baltimore Community Policing Experiment: Summary Report
Author(s): A M Pate; S O Annan
Corporate Author: Police Foundation
United States of America
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Police Foundation
Washington, DC 20036
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF|PDF
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The Baltimore Police Department implemented two community policing strategies for one year: foot patrol and "ombudsman policing," in which officers worked with community residents on identifying the most serious crime problems in the area and devising means of addressing those problems.
Abstract: Three areas in each of two city neighborhoods were selected for the experiment and randomly assigned either foot patrol, ombudsman policing, or no new police program. The results were evaluated by comparing the attitudinal and victimization measures collected through personal interviews, conducted with the same residents before and one year after the programs were initiated. Monthly calls for police service and crime data were also analyzed. The results indicated that ombudsman policing, when practiced with a full-time staff, produced highly significant improvements in public evaluations of police effectiveness and behavior, reduced perceptions of disorder and awareness of victimization in the areas, and increased feelings of safety. When practiced with a part-time staff, ombudsman policing resulted in improved evaluations of police effectiveness, but achieved none of the other desirable effects. Foot patrol achieved no significant effect on evaluations of police, had mixed effects on perceptions of crime and disorder, and led to some reduction in the awareness of crime. The full results are reported in "Baltimore Community Policing Experiment: Technical Report and Appendixes," see NCJ-121575. (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Community policing; Police-citizen interactions
Index Term(s): Citizen satisfaction; Fear of crime; Maryland; Police effectiveness
Note: NCJRS has access to the summary report, user's guide to the machine-readable files and documentation, original survey instruments, and a compilation of supporting documentation from the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD) titled "Community Policing in Baltimore, 1986-1987". These resources have been combined in the attached PDF.
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