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NCJ Number: 121777 Find in a Library
Title: Crime Displacement and Situational Prevention: Toward the Development of Some Principles
Journal: Canadian Journal of Criminology  Volume:32  Issue:1  Dated:(January 1990)  Pages:41-73
Author(s): T Gabor
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 33
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This article provides an overview of the issue of crime displacement, including a review of the evidence pertaining to displacement and the debate between situational-prevention advocates and critics.
Abstract: Crime displacement involves a change in offender behavior designed to circumvent specific preventive measures or more general conditions unfavorable to the offender's usual mode of committing crimes. Evidence pertaining to displacement is ambiguous. Evidence suggests a partial displacement of thwarted criminal behavior. Displacement behavior suggests a compulsion to commit crime by persistent attempts to achieve criminal goals in the face of all obstacles. The absence of displacement, on the other hand, suggests that obstructions to criminal behavior can stop the behavior. Critics of situational crime prevention view offenders as sufficiently adaptable to substitute some other criminal behavior for that thwarted by prevention measures. Advocates of situational prevention regard offenders as being sufficiently adaptable to adopt noncriminal behavior to meet their needs when criminal behavior becomes too risky or difficult. 66 references.
Main Term(s): Crime displacement
Index Term(s): Crime prevention planning; Deterrence
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