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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 121797 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Research on Alternative Probation Strategies in Maryland: Final Report
Author(s): J J Collins; C L Usher; J R Williams
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 187
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 81-IJ-CX-0005
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Whether nonserious offenders sentenced to probation could go unsupervised without increasing the likelihood of recidivism was researched in an attempt to permit more selective use of probation supervision resources.
Abstract: Individuals in Maryland with probation sentences of 12 months or less without special conditions were randomly assigned to regular supervised probation, unsupervised probation, or a community service program. Assessment of social adjustment and recidivism during and after probation indicated that the level of supervision did not have a significant effect on outcomes except in the case of probationers who had had more than five previous arrests. Such probationers who were not supervised had comparatively high rearrest rates. The cost of supervision for those in the supervised probation group was 3.5 times higher than for the unsupervised group. When previous arrest history was controlled, these higher costs were not related to more favorable recidivism outcomes. It was concluded that the risk to the community would not be increased by shifting supervision resources away from some probationer types. Tables, exhibits, over 60 references. (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Probation costs
Index Term(s): Maryland; Probation outcome prediction; Supervised liberty
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