skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 121823 Find in a Library
Title: Deterrence and Amplification of Juvenile Delinquency by Police Contact: The Importance of Gender and Risk-Orientation
Journal: British Journal of Criminology  Volume:29  Issue:4  Dated:(Autumn 1989)  Pages:336-352
Author(s): C Keane; A R Gills; J Hagan
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 17
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: The relationship between deviance and control is examined with attention to both deterrence theory, suggesting that the relationship is negative, and societal reaction arguments, viewing it as positive since control may amplify rather than deter deviance.
Abstract: Analysis reveals that both viewpoints are credible. Females may be more susceptible to deterrence because of a risk aversive tendency, while amplification effects are more likely in males, because of an inclination to take risks. A sample of 835 adolescents from four high schools in the Toronto (Ontario) area are analysed focusing on contact with the police as a measure of control and marijuana use as an indicator of deviance. Responses to a structured questionnaire analysed using LISREL support the deterrence argument for females, where marijuana use is a direct predictor of contact with the police and that contact is a negative predictor of marijuana use. The amplification argument is supported for males, where the effect of police contact on marijuana use is positive. When taste for risk is controlled, the gender differences are eliminated. 8 tables, 48 references. (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Risk management; Social control theory
Index Term(s): Deterrence; Juvenile delinquency factors; Marijuana; Ontario
Note: Earlier version of this paper presented at the annual meeting of the Canadian Association of Sociology and Anthropology, Winnipeg, Manitoba, 1986
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.