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NCJ Number: 121896 Find in a Library
Title: Legal Coercion and Retention in Drug Abuse Treatment
Journal: Hospital and Community Psychiatry  Volume:34  Issue:12  Dated:(December 1983)  Pages:1145-1149
Author(s): J J Collins; M Allison
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 5
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Because the length of time an individual remains in a drug abuse treatment program is an important indicator of treatment effectiveness, this paper assesses the impact of court referrals by examining the relationship between a drug abuser's length of stay in treatment and his referral by legal and nonlegal sources.
Abstract: Regression analyses on data for more than 2,200 persons indicate that clients who are legally induced to seek treatment stay in treatment longer than and do at least as well as those who voluntarily seek treatment. The evidence suggests that the use of legal threat to pressure persons into drug treatment is a valid approach for dealing with drug abusers and their undesirable behaviors. Legal threat apparently helps keep these offenders constructively involved in treatment and does not adversely affect long-term treatment goals. There has been some reluctance by drug abuse treatment personnel to serve clients referred by the criminal justice system under the assumption that involuntary entry into treatment undermines treatment efforts. Findings suggest, however, that such treatment is just as favorable as that for nonoffender drug abusers who voluntarily enter treatment. 28 references.
Main Term(s): Involuntary treatment
Index Term(s): Drug treatment programs; Legal aid services
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