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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 122057 Find in a Library
Title: Prisoners' and Non-Institutional Adults' Perceptions of Conditions Affecting Their Learning
Journal: Journal of Correctional Education  Volume:40  Issue:4  Dated:(December 1989)  Pages:152-158
Author(s): W T Fagan
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 7
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study was designed to understand the nature of internal and external factors in the lives of two groups of low literate adults -- prisoners and those living in non-institutional settings.
Abstract: Results showed that both groups tended to attribute their present situation more to external factors or self characteristics (beyond their control) than to self decisions. However, the non-institutional adults tended to have more internal control of academic events in which they were successful. In line with their perceptions of control, most of the suggestions the adults gave for changing the school system were of an external nature. However, a significant group exhibited a "learned helplessness syndrome" in that they felt overwhelmed by their circumstances and had no suggestions to redress a situation. The results suggest implications for helping individuals become responsible for their actions and consequences of their actions in literacy programs. 4 tables, 16 references. (Author abstract)
Main Term(s): Remedial education
Index Term(s): Adult education; Educationally disadvantaged persons; Inmate attitudes; Inmate Education Assistance Programs
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