skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 122204 Find in a Library
Title: Reexamination of Hacker's Typology
Journal: International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice  Volume:13  Issue:2  Dated:(Fall 1989)  Pages:39-44
Author(s): T P Kissane
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 6
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This analysis of Frederick Hacker's typology of terrorists concludes that a fourth category, the calculator, should be added to Hacker's three categories: the crusaders, the criminals, and the crazies.
Abstract: Hacker initially emphasized two dimensions for classifying individual categories of terrorists. These dimensions are selfishness/unselfishness and self-protective/non-protective. According to Hacker, the crusader is non-protective and unselfish; the criminal is self-protective and selfish; and the crazie is non-protective and selfish. However, Hacker fails to discuss the fourth possible classification: the person who is unselfish, but self-protective. Such a classification would be useful less as a psychological type than as a sociological role classification. Thus, potential careers for the calculator might include the revolutionary, the government-sponsored nationalist, the private-sector nationalist, the religionist, the racist, the anarchist, the searcher, the romantic, the munitions dealer, and the representative of an international crime group. In a 1979 paper, Hacker suggested the possible existence of a calculator, through his comment that a crusader is blindly obedient to someone. Thus, adding this category would be a useful way of demonstrating a role separate from that of crusader. Appended chart and 10 reference notes.
Main Term(s): Terrorist profiles
Index Term(s): Behavior typologies; Terrorism causes
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.