skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 122330 Find in a Library
Title: Punishment and Social Structure at the State Level: A Cross-Sectional Comparison of 1970 and 1980
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:27  Issue:1  Dated:(February 1990)  Pages:52-78
Author(s): R J Michalowski; M A Pearson
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 27
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The theories of fiscal constraint and penal discipline have been used in much of the sociological analysis concerning the relationship between punishment and social structure. They hold, respectively, that levels of imprisonment are sensitive to levels of available public revenue and that the relationship between imprisonment and unemployment is independent of crime rates.
Abstract: This study uses a cross-sectional analysis to test the two propositions, controlling for region, crime, race, and urbanization, across all 50 States in 1970 and 1980. Contrary to the theories, the findings suggest that neither public revenue nor unemployment rates significantly influenced the variations in interstate imprisonment rates. The most significant predictor of imprisonment seems to be the distinction between southern and non-southern States. In non-southern States, only the rate of violent crime and the proportion of black males in the population were significantly related with variations in imprisonment rates, although the relationship between revenue and imprisonment did strengthen between 1970 and 1980. 5 tables, 4 notes, 59 references. (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Employment-crime relationships; Prison costs
Index Term(s): Crime Rate; Society-crime relationships; State-by-state analyses
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=122330

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.