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NCJ Number: 122506 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Crime and Its Control in Japan and in the Federal Republic of Germany
Journal: Indian Journal of Criminology  Volume:17  Issue:1  Dated:(January 1989)  Pages:31-41
Author(s): H J Schneider
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
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United States of America
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: India
Annotation: This comparison of criminality and crime control in Japan and the Federal Republic of Germany notes that both have less crime than the United States, but crime in Japan is much lower and clearance rates much higher than in the Federal Republic of Germany.
Abstract: Juvenile delinquency and criminality grew in both Germany and Japan between 1945 and 1948, but it declined in Japan from 1948 to 1972 while increasing steadily in Germany. The patterns of crime are similar in the two nations, with thefts and traffic offenses accounting for most crime in 1985. However, the two nations differ substantially in their social and cultural characteristics, and these differences appear to account for the differences in criminality. Countries with little crime have three main characteristics: 1) the important role of informal control through social groups, family, neighborhood, school, professional, and recreational peer groups; 2) the crucial importance of a sense of community; and 3) the good reputation of the criminal justice system. 61 references.
Main Term(s): Crime in foreign countries
Index Term(s): Community involvement; Crime control policies; Foreign police/community relations; Germany; Japan
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