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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 122552 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Narcotics Addicts: Effect of Family and Parental Risk Factors on Timing of Emancipation, Drug Use Onset, Pre-addiction Incarcerations and Educational Achievement
Journal: Journal of Drug Issues  Volume:20  Issue:1  Dated:(Winter 1990)  Pages:99-123
Author(s): W J McCarthy; M D Anglin
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 25
Sponsoring Agency: California Dept of Alcohol and Drug Programs
Sacramento, CA 95814
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: DA03541; DA04268
Contract Number: D-0001-8
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The family background characteristics of 756 male heroin users were examined to determine the effects of selected family risk factors on the timing of onset of emancipation and drug use, on pre-addiction incarcerations and on educational attainment.
Abstract: These risk factors included family size, birth order, socioeconomic status, family drug use, parental history of alcoholism, parental absence, and family history of incarceration. The two measures of age of emancipation were age on leaving school and age on leaving home. Age of onset of regular use was measured for the following drugs: tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and heroin. Incarceration measures included the occurrence of juvenile detention and the time spent in prison prior to first addiction. Educational attainment was a score on a California State achievement test. Larger family size, higher birth order, parental alcoholism and parental absence were found to have a cumulatively negative effect on how young the respondents were when they first left home and when they first used particular drugs regularly, on their level of tested academic achievement, and on their probability of juvenile detention. Implications for social policies designed to prevent drug abuse are discussed. 2 tables, 80 references. (Author abstract)
Main Term(s): Drug abuse causes
Index Term(s): Drug dependence; Heroin; Home environment
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