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NCJ Number: 122595 Find in a Library
Title: Mandatory Literacy for Prisons (From State of Corrections: Proceedings of ACA Annual Conferences, 1989, P 74-80, 1990, Ann Dargis, ed. -- See NCJ-122583)
Author(s): S G McCollum
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: American Correctional Assoc
Alexandria, VA 22314
Sale Source: American Correctional Assoc
206 N. Washington St., Suite 200
Alexandria, VA 22314
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Mandatory literacy programs are a viable concept in corrections and have already been adopted by the Federal Bureau of Prisons and in eight States.
Abstract: A speech by United States Supreme Court Chief Justice Warren Burger in 1981 provided the impetus for the formation of a task force that recommended mandatory literacy programs for all Federal inmates who functioned at less than the sixth-grade level. The Federal Bureau of Prisons adopted such a policy in May 1982. The policy met with few objections from staff and inmates and resulted in sharp increases in enrollments and completions of adult basic education programs. The program included constant monitoring. In 1986, the standard was raised to the eighth grade level in recognition of the rising expectations of employers. The two main factors contributing to the program's success are the connection between literacy achievement, wages, and promotions in prison industries and the availability of computer-assisted instruction. The experiences of the States with mandatory programs suggests that these programs should be expanded, because education requirements for many jobs continue to rise while the available labor force for these jobs is declining. 5 references.
Main Term(s): Inmate academic education
Index Term(s): Federal Bureau of Prisons; Literacy education; Remedial education
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