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NCJ Number: 122617 Find in a Library
Title: Some Predictable Factors Contributing to Early Relapse in Addicted Adolescents (From State of Corrections: Proceedings of ACA Annual Conferences, 1989, P 219-223, 1990, Ann Dargis, ed. -- See NCJ-122583)
Author(s): W M Thomas; M B Dunham
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: American Correctional Assoc
Alexandria, VA 22314
Sale Source: American Correctional Assoc
206 N. Washington St., Suite 200
Alexandria, VA 22314
United States of America
Type: Report (Technical Assistance)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Relapse is part of the recovery process for addicted patients of all ages, but is especially the case of addicted adolescents, who appear to be uniquely vulnerable to relapse for a variety of reasons.
Abstract: Adolescents should ideally receive initial treatment in a structured setting, and they should become involved in regularly scheduled counseling for the first 2 years of recovery. The counselor should be familiar with the principles of the 12-step programs like Alcoholics Anonymous, which provide recovering adolescents with structured support and encouragement among a new and highly functioning peer group. Both the formal treatment and self-help efforts should be supportive rather than investigatory. However, professionals should recognize that adolescent patients have serious maturational deficits resulting from the addiction and that these deficits increase the risk of relapse. Thus, they have not acquired certain developmental skills. In addition, they experience a painful loneliness and isolation as a result of being told to avoid the people, places, and things associated with their addiction. To address these problems, professionals should use directive counseling and sometimes cautiously assume a parental role. They should also regard relapse as a hurdle in recovery rather than as a shameful failure.
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug treatment
Index Term(s): Drug dependence; Drug detoxification; Drug withdrawal
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