skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 123009 Find in a Library
Title: Mexican American and White American School Dropouts' Drug Use, Health Status, and Involvement in Violence
Journal: Journal of the U.S. Public Health Service  Volume:104  Issue:6  Dated:(November-December 1989)  Pages:594-604
Author(s): E L Chavez; R Edwards; E R Oetting
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20857
Grant Number: DA 04777
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study compared a group of Mexican Americans and white American school dropouts with a control group and a group of academically at-risk students in three locations in the Southwest.
Abstract: The sample group was comprised of school dropouts and comparison subjects in grades 6 through 12. The comparison groups were matched with dropouts by sex, ethnicity, and school grade, and the at-risk students were also matched by age and grade point average. The dropout subjects were found to have the highest rates of alcohol and drug use, followed by the at-risk student subjects. The relative rates of use were about the same for nearly all drugs, with the greatest differences found for drinking to intoxification and the use of marijuana, uppers, and cocaine. Higher rates of tobacco smoking were noted among females, especially among the dropouts. Health problems of parents were not related to dropping out of school, however, dropouts were more likely to have had serious illness within the preceding year than members of the control group. The world of many dropouts is violent and dangerous; nearly half had been badly beaten, and twenty percent had cut someone with a knife. Females were rarely perpetrators. Of the white American females, 42 percent had been raped or sexually-assaulted, while Mexican-American females were found to be less likely to be victims of violence, perhaps because of the cultural value of female protectionism. 8 tables, 23 references. (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): School dropouts
Index Term(s): Caucasian/White Americans; Juvenile drug use; Mexican Americans
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.