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NCJ Number: 123120 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Motivating Adolescents to Reduce Their Fines in a Token Economy
Journal: Adolescence  Volume:25  Issue:97  Dated:(Spring 1990)  Pages:97-104
Author(s): Miller R P; J M Cosgrove; Doke L
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
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United States of America

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Box 6000
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United States of America
Type: Program Description (Demonstrative)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Adolescents on a 16-bed token economy ward of a state hospital were subjected to four interventions in a seven-phase experiment to reduce the number of fines they received each day.
Abstract: Phase I was a four-week baseline period. Phase II and Phase III were four- and five-week periods, respectively, in which residents were awarded tickets for a weekly ten dollar lottery each day they were at or below a changing criterion of daily fines. In Phase IV, residents received coupons, exchangeable for money, for days with zero fines. Phase V was a return to baseline. Phase VI was a one-week return to baseline. No significant differences in average fines per day, number of residents meeting criteria, or mean number of zero-fine day per week were found across phases. Results are discussed in terms of amount and immediacy of reinforcement, other opportunities to gain money, possible rebelliousness of the residents against the increased aversiveness of fines, and implications for further research. 14 references. (Publisher abstract)
Main Term(s): Incentive systems; Token economies
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Behavior modification; Fines; Treatment intervention model
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