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NCJ Number: 123167 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Age, Period, and Cohort Size Effects on Self-Reported Alcohol, Marijuana, and Polydrug Use: Results from the National Youth Survey
Journal: Social Science Research  Volume:18  Issue:2  Dated:(1989)  Pages:174-194
Author(s): S Menard; D Huizinga
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20857
Grant Number: MH27552; 78-JN-AX-003
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Age, period, and cohort size effects are calculated for alcohol, marijuana, and polydrug use for seven cohorts of youth, aged 11-17 in 1976 and 18-24 in 1983.
Abstract: Data are taken from the National Youth Survey, a longitudinal prospective probability sample. Use of cohort size, rather than year of birth, is based on existing theory (the Easterlin hypothesis) and allows parameter estimation by ordinary least-squares regression. The results confirm the existence of a nonlinear age effect with a peak at about age 20, a finding consistent with the hypothesis of maturational reform. The Easterlin cohort size hypothesis also receives support, with larger birth cohorts having higher rates of substance use for most of the dependent variables. Period effects are also present and appear to be nonlinear with a peak at 1980 for marijuana use; they are monotonically positive for alcohol and polydrug use. In several respects, these results for alcohol and illicit substance use differ from those for other types of illegal behavior with respect to age, period, and cohort size effects. (Author abstract)
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Cohort studies; Drug testing; Marijuana; Underage Drinking
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