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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 123174 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Prospects for Preventing Drug Use Among Young Adolescents
Author(s): P L Ellickson; R M Bell
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 73
Sponsoring Agency: Conrad Hilton Foundation
Los Angeles, CA 90067
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Publication Number: ISBN 0-8330-1047-6
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This analysis of the use of the social influence model as a strategy for preventing adolescent use of alcohol, cigarettes, and marijuana concludes that school programs using this model can be highly effective.
Abstract: The program called Project ALERT (Adolescent Learning Experiences in Resistance Training) was tested with seventh and eighth graders in 30 California and Oregon schools in urban, suburban, and rural communities. Nine of the schools had minority populations of 50 percent or more. Each school was randomly assigned to one of three experimental conditions: sessions conducted by teachers only, sessions conducted by teachers assisted by older teen leaders, and a comparison group that did not receive the Project ALERT curriculum. Findings showed that Project ALERT effectively prevented or reduced cigarette and marijuana use among the young adolescents. The program was equally effective in schools with substantial minority populations and in predominantly white schools. However, the early gains in alcohol prevention had eroded by the time the students reached eighth grade. In addition, previously confirmed cigarette smokers actually smoked more after being involved in the program. Results showed the importance of booster sessions in the eighth grade and the need for a different strategy for confirmed smokers. Figures, tables, footnotes, illustrations, and 98 references.
Main Term(s): Drug prevention programs
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Drug abuse; Drug abuse education; Educational courses
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