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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 123215 Find in a Library
Title: Violent Delinquents and the Child Welfare System: Literature Review
Author(s): L Sametz
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 48
Type: Literature Review
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This literature review presents and discusses research relevant to child abuse/neglect (leading to involvement in the child welfare system) and juvenile delinquency that both suggests and questions a linkage between these two social issues.
Abstract: Also included is research related to child abuse/neglect and adult criminality. The review addresses some possible theoretical reasons for a linkage between child maltreatment and serious juvenile delinquency and discusses some of the methodological problems inherent in these studies. Future research issues are identified. The review concludes that research tends to support a link between abuse and neglect as a child and violent delinquency and adult criminality. There is no evidence, however, that abuse or neglect causes delinquency or criminality, particularly violent delinquency. The data suggest at least three possible explanations for the link between abuse/neglect and delinquency/criminality. Social learning theory suggests that the process of being abused or neglected contributes to the likelihood a child will develop aggressive behaviors. The social system's response to the abused/neglected child may also contribute to the development of violent behavior. Additionally, the cultural reinforcement of violence may be the link to violent delinquency. 5 footnotes, 62 references.
Main Term(s): Child abuse as delinquency factor
Index Term(s): Violence causes; Violent juvenile offenders
Note: First draft.
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