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NCJ Number: 123328 Find in a Library
Title: AIDS and Drug Use: Implications for Criminal Justice Policy (From Drugs, Crime and the Criminal Justice System, P 303-327, 1990, Ralph Weisheit, ed., -- See NCJ-123316)
Author(s): J A Inciardi
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 25
Sponsoring Agency: Anderson Publishing Co
Cincinnati, OH 45202
Sale Source: Anderson Publishing Co
Publicity Director
2035 Reading Road
Cincinnati, OH 45202
United States of America
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This document discusses AIDS as it relates to the criminal justice system.
Abstract: AIDS was first described as a new and distinct clinical entity during 1981. Within a brief period of time, the notion that AIDS was some form of "gay plague" was quickly extinguished. The disease was suddenly being reported in other populations, such as intravenous (IV) drug users, blood transfusion patients, and hemophiliacs. IV drug users are the second-highest risk group for HIV and AIDS. The transmission of HIV among IV drug users is the result of needle-sharing practices, combined with the presence of cofactors such as behavioral practices. Among some sociodemographic groups, IV drug use is the primary risk factor for AIDS. IV drug users also represent a population that appears difficult to impact with routine AIDS prevention messages. Since arrest is the entry point to the criminal justice system, police officers in areas where drug use rates are high have the potential for dealing with HIV-infected suspects. AIDS has also become a special problem in contemporary jail and prison settings. In this respect, recommendations for quality medical care for inmates, proactive identification, and provision of condoms were made. 2 tables, 1 figure, 14 notes, 58 references.
Main Term(s): Drug use; Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS)
Index Term(s): AIDS/HIV epidemiology; AIDS/HIV in correctional facilities; AIDS/HIV transmission; Risk taking behavior
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=123328

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