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NCJ Number: 125395 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Gentrification and Crime: Robbery and Larceny Changes in Appreciating Baltimore Neighborhoods During the 1970s
Journal: Urban Affairs Quarterly  Volume:25  Issue:1  Dated:(September 1985)  Pages:142-172
Author(s): J Covington; R B Taylor
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 31
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
National Science Foundation
Arlington, VA 22230
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: SES-8520460; 1-R01-MH40842-01A1
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In Baltimore (Maryland), gentrifying neighborhoods, as compared to other appreciating neighborhoods, experienced significant unexpected increases in robbery although they did not decline as much in larceny.
Abstract: Some have suggested that the gentrification process may be associated with decreasing crime rates because of the influx of middle-income populations and, therefore, more attention from police or other agencies. The ecological characteristics of gentrifying neighborhoods suggest that they are not similar to stable lower-middle- or middle-income neighborhoods. Before and after gentrification, they are socially disorganized. Although house prices have escalated dramatically, and there has been an influx of managerial/professional households, these changes have not made over the neighborhood completely. This pattern of "patchwork" revitalization, the disinvestment and continuing population and housing diversity, and the continued diversity and partially abraded social fabric may be linked with high offense levels. 10 notes, 54 references, 2 tables.
Main Term(s): Urban area studies
Index Term(s): Criminal justice research; Maryland; Urban criminality
Note: Portions of earlier versions of this article were presented at the annual meetings of the American Society of Criminology, November 1986, Atlanta, and the American Sociological Association, August 1988, Atlanta.
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