skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 126159 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Use of Electronic Monitoring by Criminal Justice Agencies 1989: A Description of Extent, Offender Characteristics, Program Types, Programmatic Issues, and Legal Aspects
Author(s): M Renzema; D T Skelton
Corporate Author: Instructional Systems Corporation
United States of America
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 103
Sponsoring Agency: Instructional Systems Corporation
Bloomington, IN 47408
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: OJP-89-M-309
Type: Survey
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This 1989 survey of electronic monitoring throughout the United States focused on dispersion and growth, equipment choice and function, user fees, impact on staff positions, the management of program violations, program context, selection of offenders for monitoring, and legal trends.
Abstract: To determine numbers of clients and program characteristics, a census of all known monitoring sites in the United States was taken on February 12, 1989. Client characteristics were determined through a second survey in which a probability-proportionate-to-size cluster sample was drawn from a third of the sites. A review of the legal literature was accurate and up to date as of December 31, 1989. Results shows that the electronic monitoring of offenders nearly tripled between February 1988 and 1989, reaching 239 sites in 1989. Regarding equipment choice and function, hybrid equipment has taken hold in the marketplace, and continuous-signal equipment continues to do well. Approximately two-thirds of the programs charge their clients fees that average 200 dollars per month. For program violations the vast majority of sites use verbal or written warnings. Electronic monitoring is viewed by most sites as a means to hold clients accountable rather than a means of inducing client change. Offenders convicted of major traffic offenses fare better on monitoring than other categories of offenders. Regarding legal trends, there is no apparent legal or constitutional objection to the use of electronic monitoring technology per se. Extensive tables and figures and appended selected statutes, comparison of statutory patterns, legal references, survey forms and cover letters, and glossary
Main Term(s): Electronic monitoring of offenders
Index Term(s): Offender profiles; Probation violations; Specifications; State laws
Note: Final Report
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.