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NCJ Number: 126283 Find in a Library
Title: Consent Searches (From Briefs of 100 Cases in Law Enforcement, P 75-83, 1991, Rolando V. del Carmen, Jeffery T. Walker -- See NCJ-126275)
Author(s): R V del Carmen; J T Walker
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: Anderson Publishing Co
Cincinnati, OH 45202
Sale Source: Anderson Publishing Co
Publicity Director
2035 Reading Road
Cincinnati, OH 45202
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Supreme Court decisions concerning consent searches are analyzed for their significance to law enforcement.
Abstract: In Bumper v. North Carolina, 391 U.S. 543 (1968), the Court found that a search conducted by virtue of a warrant cannot later be justified by consent if the warrant turns out to be invalid. Voluntariness of consent to search is to be determined from the totality of the circumstances of which consent is one element, according to Schneckloth v. Bustamonte, 412 U.S. 218 (1973). Knowledge of the right to refuse consent is not a prerequisite for voluntary consent. It was determined in the case U.S. v. Watson, 423 U.S. 411 (1976), that an officer may arrest an individual in a public place without a warrant, even if there is time and opportunity to obtain one, if there is probable cause that a criminal act has been committed. The Court found in Stoner v. California, 376 U.S. 483 (1964), that a hotel guest is entitled to protection against unreasonable searches and seizures; this cannot be waived by the consent of a hotel clerk.
Main Term(s): Consent search
Index Term(s): Police legal limitations; Police responsibilities; US Supreme Court decisions
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