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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 126325 Find in a Library
Title: Treatment Strategies (From Handbook of Drug Control in the United States, P 115-138, 1990, James A Inciardi, ed. -- See NCJ-126319)
Author(s): G De Leon
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: Greenwood Publishing Group
Westport, CT 06881-5007
Sale Source: Greenwood Publishing Group
88 Post Road West
P.O. Box 5007
Westport, CT 06881-5007
United States of America
Type: Report (Technical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This analysis of drug abuse treatment in the United States emphasizes the four major treatment modalities developed in response to the heroin epidemic that began in 1965 and reached its peak in the early 1970's.
Abstract: These modalities are detoxification, methadone maintenance, drug-free outpatient centers, and drug-free residential therapeutic communities. Each approach is reasonably effective, depending on its main goals. Other treatment approaches include short-term psychotherapy, family approaches, and relapse prevention. Their effectiveness has yet to be firmly documented. Recent years have seen an increase in the number and variety of treatment approaches for opiate and polydrug/cocaine abusers. Their effectiveness has not been adequately documented, although findings indicate that pharmacotherapy and self-help groups are important adjuncts to primary treatment approaches, especially for cocaine abuse. Current and emerging treatment issues include relapse, retreatment, retention in treatment, the handling of special populations such as prison inmates, the matching of treatment and clients, and Federal policies on accessibility and compulsory treatment. Figures and 56 reference notes
Main Term(s): Drug treatment programs
Index Term(s): Cocaine; Drug abuse education; Drug abuse in correctional facilities; Heroin
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