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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 126331 Find in a Library
Title: Drug Testing and the Identification of Drug-abusing Criminals (From Handbook of Drug Control in the United States, P 229-244, 1990, James A Inciardi, ed. -- See NCJ-126319)
Author(s): E D Wish
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Greenwood Publishing Group
Westport, CT 06881-5007
Sale Source: Greenwood Publishing Group
88 Post Road West
P.O. Box 5007
Westport, CT 06881-5007
United States of America
Type: Report (Technical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This discussion of methods for identifying drug-abusing offenders notes that the national drug control strategy requires that States to remain eligible to receive Federal criminal justice funds initiate drug-testing programs for arrestees, probationers, and parolees.
Abstract: Identification procedures can identify active criminals and persons needing drug abuse treatment and health care and can monitor community trends in drug use. Methods of identification include offenders' self-reports, criminal justice records, urinalysis tests, and radioimmunoassay of hair (RIAH). In a criminal justice setting, urine testing is the most feasible and accurate method now available for screening large numbers of offenders for drug use. Self-report and record information can be effectively used to verify and extend information about the seriousness of use in persons who test positive. The newer RIAH methods offer promise for determining patterns of drug use over time if the method is valid, can be standardized, and gains acceptance from the scientific and judicial communities. Tables and 46 reference notes
Main Term(s): Drug testing
Index Term(s): Drug offenders; Drug-abusing inmates; Scientific techniques
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