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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 126396 Find in a Library
Title: Study of Recidivism Among Juveniles Released From St. Gabriel's Hall
Author(s): J O Finckenauer; L L Nelson-Green
Corporate Author: Ctr for Juvenile Justice Training and Research
United States of America
Project Director: H Sontheimer
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 69
Sponsoring Agency: Ctr for Juvenile Justice Training and Research
Shippensburg, PA 17257-2299
Pennsylvania Juvenile Court Judges Commission
Harrisburg, PA 17106-2425
Rutgers University
Newark, NJ 07102
St Gabriels Hall
Audubon, PA 19407
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: As the first in a series of program evaluation studies, this paper examines the recidivism among the recent residential population of St. Gabriel's Hall (Pennsylvania) in order to provide feedback, establish a benchmark for future comparisons, and determine whether different types of clients gain different benefits from the facility.
Abstract: Data were collected from sample of 182 boys; 151 had no prior placements; robbery was the modal placement offense. The data collection instrument was designed to collect information on intake, placement adjustment, and aftercare. The independent variables used in the study included county of residence, aftercare, partial hospitalization program (PHP) counseling, diploma, risk at intake, risk at release, and placement adjustment. Recidivism, the dependent variable, was defined by rearrests. Statistical analyses provided frequency distributions, while cross tabulations of all independent variables with different forms of the dependent variable demonstrated any significant relationships. The findings show that, despite a higher proportion of high risk cases among residents from Philadelphia as opposed to other locations within the State, there was no statistical differences in recidivism between the two groups. The adapted risk assessment and reassessment instruments predicted recidivism at a statistically significant level. While the PHP counseling program is used more often with high risk cases, there is no difference in recidivism between those who received counseling and those who did not. There was no significant relationship between recidivism and overall adjustment to St. Gabriel's program, however, risk classification at intake was a fair predictor of program adjustment. Group home placement following release seemed to have a positive effect in overriding a poor risk prediction. 2 notes and 2 appendixes
Main Term(s): Juvenile recidivism prediction
Index Term(s): Juvenile residential treatment centers; Pennsylvania; Recidivism causes
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