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NCJ Number: 126476 Find in a Library
Title: Explaining the Effects of Restitution on Offenders: Results From a National Experiment in Juvenile Courts (From Criminal Justice, Restitution, and Reconciliation, P 183-206, 1990, Burt Galaway and Joe Hudson, eds. -- See NCJ-126460)
Author(s): L Ervin; A Schneider
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press
Sale Source: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press
United States of America
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study indicates that restitution and traditional juvenile programs both suppress recidivism, but the impact of restitution is greater than that of traditional dispositions by approximately 8 offenses per year per 100 youths.
Abstract: Tests were conducted to determine if the linkages between restitution and reduced recidivism could be explained by deterrence theory, self-image theory, or social integration theory. None of the theories were supported by the data. Only the self-image variable "lawbreaker" was related in the expected way to recidivism. When the models were examined separately within the two treatment groups, however, interaction effects were observed. Apparently, restitution experiences alter recidivism predictors. Further analysis indicates that one of the most important characteristics of restitution programs is their requirement that youth exhibit long-term, tangible, positive action that results in successful program completion. Whereas restitution positively rewards juveniles for actions taken, traditional programs offer no such ongoing incentives. 4 tables and 8 figures
Main Term(s): Restitution
Index Term(s): Deterrence effectiveness; Juvenile Recidivism
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