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NCJ Number: 126618 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Self-Reported Offending, Maturational Reform, and the Easterlin Hypothesis
Journal: Journal of Quantitative Criminology  Volume:6  Issue:3  Dated:(September 1990)  Pages:237-267
Author(s): S Menard; D S Elliott
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 31
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20857
US Securities and Exchange Cmssn
Washington, DC 20549-2736
Grant Number: MH27552; 78-JN-AX-003
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study uses the maturational reform and Easterlin cohort size hypotheses to estimate age, period, and cohort effects on self-reported crime and delinquency.
Abstract: Logarithmic transformations, curvilinear effects, and the distinction between frequency of offending and prevalence are considered. Data are taken from the National Youth Survey (NYS), a prospective, longitudinal study. In terms of general offending, the trend is that the percentage of individuals involved in illegal behavior in any given cohort decreases over time. The findings indicate there is a statistically significant age-specific downward trend in the prevalence of general delinquency, but not in the prevalence of Index offending or the incidence of either type of offending. The Easterlin hypothesis is well supported by the data; as predicted, cohort size and associated characteristics influence the probability and overall amount of criminal and delinquent behavior in the adolescents considered in this study. However, maturational reform theory, which predicts a nonlinear relationship between age and offending, seems to be more characteristic of general offending than of Index offending. One of the most important issues for future research is to integrate age, period, and cohort size with other predictors of illegal behaviors. 3 tables and 63 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prediction; Self reported crimes
Index Term(s): Age group comparisons; Cohort studies; Maturation theory
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