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NCJ Number: 126669 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Court Congestion and Trial Rates
Author(s): T B Marvell; M L Luskin; C E Moody Jr
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 56
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 85-IJ-CX-0045
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A time series, cross section research design, the Granger-Sims test for causal direction, and the strategy of multiple replication were applied to expand the theory surrounding the relationship between court congestion and guilty plea rates.
Abstract: The theory was elaborated from the single hypothesis typically posed into a broad range of possible interactions that include likely reciprocal causation. The results failed to support the hypothesis that more trials increase congestion due to the fact that they overburden the court. Scant support emerged for the hypothesis that more trials reduce congestion, either because the court is working to dispose of more cases or because the court has improved caseflow procedures. Criminal case processing was found to be dominated by the volume of filings. Most other factors examined had little or no impact. Criminal case flow appeared to be funneled through a rigid pipeline: cases came into the system, were processed, and departed on such a regular basis that other factors appeared to have little impact. A bibliography is included. 8 tables
Main Term(s): Court case flow management; Pleas
Index Term(s): Court delays; Trials
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