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NCJ Number: 126783 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Ethnography and AIDS: Returning to the Streets
Journal: Journal of Contemporary Ethnography  Volume:19  Issue:3  Dated:(October 1990)  Pages:259-270
Author(s): J A Kotarba
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: SR18TA05156
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: AIDS, more than any other social or medical problem of the past ten years has occasioned the application of ethnographic strategies to both policy and basic research.
Abstract: Since the official beginnings of the AIDS phenomenon in 1981, there has been growing awareness that AIDS is not merely "a gay disease," but an activity-related disease. As early as 1982, ethnographers were examining settings and activities that public health officials speculated were relevant to the transmission of the HIV. Des Jarlais, Friedman, and Strug (1986) shed light on the actual interactional mechanisms at work among intravenous drug users (IVDUs), whom public health officials already knew were highly at risk of contracting HIV. The federally funded National AIDS Demonstration Research Project (NADR) in September 1987 drew information from and targeted education, intervention, and referral services to three high-risk groups: IVDUs not in formal drug programs; sexual partners of IVDUs; and prostitutes in New York, Chicago, Miami, San Francisco, Philadelphia and Houston. There are now 41 NADR programs operating in over 60 sites in the United States. Ethnographers' role in the AIDS crisis has become rather holistic because of the urgency of saving lives and alleviating suffering. 2 notes and 28 references
Main Term(s): AIDS/HIV transmission; Ethnomethodology
Index Term(s): AIDS/HIV prevention; Attitudes toward AIDS; Risk taking behavior
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