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NCJ Number: 126893 Find in a Library
Title: Italian Terrorism and Society, 1940's-1980's: Roots, Ideologies, Evolution, and International Connections
Journal: Terrorism  Volume:12  Issue:43  Dated:(1989)  Pages:249-296
Author(s): M Rimanelli
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 48
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The definition, statistics, and historical roots of terrorism in Italian society from the 1940's to the 1980's are reviewed.
Abstract: Terrorism is always a form of psychological propaganda by deeds, and the "television age" has made it especially effective. The aspect of political violence or State repression is reinforced by the media's unwitting complicity to convey the impression that behind the terrorist onslaught there exists a vast, well-organized revolutionary group that is bent on mobilizing the population against the regime by exploiting political chaos and State weaknesses. Political violence and terrorism have long been a part of Italy's history, even back to Machiavelli's era. However, terrorism was never so uncontrolled and widespread in Italy as it was between 1969-1982. Regardless of the importance of foreign connections in exacerbating domestic violence, Italy's terrorism remained essentially an internal phenomenon with its own original politico-ideological and socioeconomic roots and domestic complicities. The structural and organizational traits of Italian terrorism are discussed in comparison to its German and Latin American counterparts. The various types of terrorism seen throughout this period are presented in light of their political and social context, i.e. separatist and anarchist terrorism, black terrorism, red terrorism, and the international connections and financial backing of this terrorism. The conclusion discusses how to counteract terrorism using examples from Italy's experiences. 68 notes and 1 figure
Main Term(s): Terrorist ideologies
Index Term(s): International terrorism; Italy; Political impact of terrorism; Revolutionary or terrorist groups; Terrorist group cooperation
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