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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 127047 Find in a Library
Title: Difference Between Fear of Victimization and the Probability of Being Victimized: Implications for Cultivation
Journal: Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media  Volume:34  Issue:3  Dated:(Summer 1990)  Pages:351-358
Author(s): G G Sparks; R M Ogles
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 8
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report addresses issues regarding measurement procedures of media cultivation particularly fear of crime or victimization from heavy television viewing. It presents a cultivation hypothesis stating that a conceptual distinction between the fear of victimization and the probability of victimization is necessary.
Abstract: Although many cultivation studies claim to measure fear of victimization, the estimates of the probability of victimization and personal safety constitute the measures of cultivation effects. Data from a random telephone survey of 101 respondents from a midwestern State indicate that the fear of violence index and the four traditional cultivation measures were not highly correlated and that television viewing was related modestly to fear of violence, but not crime probability. These results support the necessity for a conceptual distinction between items that measure fear of crime and items that measure probability of criminal victimization. Also, the results of cultivation analysis may vary considerably with the dependent variables. 5 notes and 11 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Media-crime relationships
Index Term(s): Evaluation measures; Fear of crime; Media violence
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