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NCJ Number: 127091 Find in a Library
Title: Crime in Biological, Social, and Moral Contexts
Editor(s): L Ellis; H Hoffman
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 326
Sponsoring Agency: Praeger Publishers
Westport, CT 06881
Publication Number: ISBN 0-275-93003-3
Sale Source: Praeger Publishers
88 Post Road West
Westport, CT 06881
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Seventeen papers discuss the concept of pro/antisociality and the biosocial perspective, evolutionary and genetic aspects of criminality, neurochemical aspects of pro/antisociality, and biosocial theorizing in the area of pro/antisociality.
Abstract: Four papers pertaining to the concept of pro/antisociality and the biosocial perspective outline the basic assumptions of this perspective, conceptualize pro/antisociality within this perspective, identify behavioral and demographic variables that correlate with criminality, and discuss the extent to which social scientists and criminologists currently subscribe to the biosocial perspective. Six papers examine how various aspects of evolutionary and genetic factors may contribute to variation in criminality and other pro/antisocial behavior patterns. One paper argues that criminal behavior may have evolutionary roots, and another contends that genetic and evolutionary factors may even underlie the emergence of the criminal justice system. Five papers discuss how brain functioning may relate to pro/antisociality. Two papers consider how sex hormones alter brain functioning in ways that affect the probability of persistent criminality and aggression. Two perspectives presented relate to how arousal-control processes in the brain may predispose persons to varying degrees of pro/antisocial behavior. Papers on biosocial theorizing about criminality argue that both evolutionary and neurochemical factors have an etiological role in prosocial behavior and that persons prone to crime and delinquency may have unusual chemical reward systems and brain circuits that reinforce their actions. Chapter references and name and subject indexes
Main Term(s): Crime causes theory
Index Term(s): Biological influences; Moral development; Social conditions
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