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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 127199 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Effects of Sanctions on Criminality
Corporate Author: Carnegie Mellon University
United States of America
Project Director: J Cohen
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 72
Sponsoring Agency: Carnegie Mellon University
Pittsburgh, PA 15213
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 86-IJ-CX-0083
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This research seeks to isolate criminality from composition effects in total crime rates and to estimate the impact of structural factors on changing levels of criminality.
Abstract: Demographic-specific estimates of crime rates are used as indicators of criminality for different population subgroups, and multivariate analyses relate subgroup criminality rates to various structural factors. Basic input data are from the Uniform Crime Reports and the National Crime Survey. Age and race alone are major factors in crime rate variations for burglary, robbery, and murder. Period and boom, however, are also significant in variations in age-by-race crime rates for the three crime types. The interaction of race with age or with period further accounts for crime rate variations. The race effect is in the expected direction, with higher crime rates for nonwhites than for whites. Crime rates tend to increase through juvenile and early adult years and then decrease through older adult years. Models used to evaluate the data are noted, and mathematical formulas are given. 56 references, 6 tables, and 33 figures
Main Term(s): Demographic analysis of crime
Index Term(s): Crime patterns; Criminality prediction; National crime surveys; Uniform crime reporting
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