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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 127422 Find in a Library
Title: Criminalization Against Traffic Offenders in Japan
Journal: International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice  Volume:14  Issue:1-2  Dated:(Spring/Winter 1990)  Pages:65-72
Author(s): M Yokoyama
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 8
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper discusses the implementation of criminalization against traffic offenders through the enactment and amendment of traffic laws beginning with the period of rapid motorization following the second World War.
Abstract: In the period from 1945 to 1959, there were only a few enactments and amendments of criminal laws on traffic, specifically the Penal Code and the Road Traffic Control Law and its 1949 amendment. In the second period from 1960 to 1969, criminalization was carried out in almost all areas of criminal laws on traffic to suppress the drastic increase in traffic accidents. In 1967, the traffic Infraction Notification System was adopted. By 1969, the criminal laws on traffic were systematized. Despite the decrease in traffic accidents in 1970s, criminalization focused on drunken drivers and hotrodders. During the period from 1980 to 1986, criminalization continued in areas of bicycle and motorcycle safety and the use of seatbelts. It is recommended that further criminalization against traffic offenders be curbed. Decriminalization for non-serious offenders is advocated. 1 table, 10 notes, and 3 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Traffic offenses
Index Term(s): Criminal responsibility; Japan; Traffic laws
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