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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 127524 Find in a Library
Title: Search and Seizure
Author(s): C E Friend
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 5
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Some recent developments in the law concerning search and seizure have significantly changed the rules applicable to certain types of searches.
Abstract: One exception to the fourth amendment warrant requirement is the consent search, in which police officers must have the consent of a person who has common authority over the premises. A recent Supreme Court decision upheld the validity of apparent authority to consent. The plain view seizure of evidence concept has three components: (1) that the police officers have a right to be in the location of the evidence, (2) that the evidentiary nature of the items must be immediately apparent, and (3) that the discovery must be inadvertent. However, the Supreme Court recently struck down this third requirement. Search warrants are authorized based on probable cause and "disappearing" probable cause. Although the Supreme Court has not ruled on the validity of "sneak and peek" warrants, in which officers make a clandestine entry and look at evidence without seizing anything tangible, a Federal appellate court has upheld the use of such warrants. Evidence observed during an illegal premises entry to arrest a suspect will not be admissible, even if in plain view. Various courts have also ruled on the permissibility of seizing evidence during protective sweeps and searches incident to arrest. 39 notes
Main Term(s): Rules of evidence; Search and seizure laws
Index Term(s): Consent search; Protective sweep doctrine; Search warrants; Warrantless search
Note: Training Key, No. 406
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