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NCJ Number: 127621 Find in a Library
Title: Family Factors in the Lives of Drug Users and Abusers (From Drug Abuse, P 207-223, 1987, Raymond J Reitz, ed. -- See NCJ-127612)
Author(s): A P Jurich; C J Polson; J A Jurich; R A Bates
Date Published: 1987
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Phi Delta Kappa
Bloomington, IN 47402
Sale Source: Phi Delta Kappa
Ctr on Evaluation, Development & Research (CEDR)
Box 789
Bloomington, IN 47402
United States of America
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A review of the research literature and interviews with 48 male and female high school adolescents and their closest family members in a midwestern State formed the basis of an analysis of the family factors related to adolescent drug use and abuse.
Abstract: The literature review suggested that the following nine family factors influenced drug use: parental absence, discipline, scapegoating, hypocritical morality, a communication gap between the parent and the child, parental divorce, conflicts between the parents, family breakup, and the use of "psychological crutches" such as drug abuse and denial to cope with stress. The interviews distinguished between drug use and drug abuse and found that drug users were less likely to come from families where there was a communication gap and more likely to come from families that used democratic disciplinary techniques. In contrast, drug abusers came from families where there was a communication gap and either laissez faire or authoritarian discipline. Drug abusers also came from families where the person whom they defined as most powerful tended to use "psychological crutches" to cope with stress. Table and 85 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug abusers; Parent-Child Relations
Index Term(s): Domestic relations; Drug abuse causes; Home environment
Note: Reprinted from Adolescence, V 20, N 77 (Spring 1985), P 143-159
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