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NCJ Number: 127629 Find in a Library
Title: Family, Neighbourhood and Socialization (From Crime and Measures Against Crime in the City, P 47-71, 1990, Per-Olof H Wikstrom, ed. -- See NCJ-127626)
Author(s): P L Martens
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 25
Sponsoring Agency: National Council for Crime Prevention
S-113 21 Stockholm, Sweden
Sale Source: National Council for Crime Prevention
P.O. Box 1386
S-113 21 Stockholm,
Type: Literature Review
Language: English
Country: Sweden
Annotation: This analysis of the process of socialization of a child emphasizes that the family provides the foundation for the child's development into a social being and that appropriate development in the family and other social systems is crucial for delinquency prevention.
Abstract: The mother is the most important person to the child during the first two years, with other immediate family members also important. Later, other children and adults become influential. During adolescence, peers become more important than the family. An authoritative style of parenting is considered the ideal, whereas the authoritarian, indulgent, and negligent approaches tend to restrict the child's social competence and result in the potential for later deviant behavior and criminality. Several researchers have also shown the important role of family interactions, with emphasis on discipline, positive parenting, monitoring, and problemsolving. Research has also focused on the many systems in which the child lives, including microsystems such as the family, the mesosystem, the esosystem, and the macrosystem. To prevent delinquency parents should stay informed about their children's peers and activities and provide any needed support in schoolwork. Figures and 28 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention
Index Term(s): Child development; Home environment; Juvenile delinquency factors; Parent-Child Relations; Youth development
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