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NCJ Number: 127806 Find in a Library
Title: Victim Compensation in Some Western Countries (From Developments in Crime and Crime Control Research, P 66-86, 1991, Klaus Sessar and Hans-Jurgen Kerner, eds. -- See NCJ-127801)
Author(s): B Villmow
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: Springer-Verlag
New York, NY 10010
Sale Source: Springer-Verlag
Publicity Manager
175 Fifth Avenue
New York, NY 10010
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: Germany (Unified)
Annotation: This report summarizes the results of evaluative research on crime victim compensation schemes in Great Britain, Canada, and the United States.
Abstract: Under the victim compensation schemes of these countries, compensable offenses are limited almost entirely to violent crimes, and compensable losses are limited to medical costs, loss of earnings due to physical injury, and funeral costs. Property losses are virtually never compensable. Compensation for pain and suffering is provided under relatively few schemes. The use of minimum-loss criteria has been criticized by some evaluators as discriminating against the poor, for whom amounts below the statutory minimum may be significant sums. Estimations indicate that program costs would not be substantially increased by eliminating minimum-loss criteria. In attempting to reduce the "unjust" award of benefits, some programs have excluded victims related to offenders and victims who contributed to their own injury. Many critics maintain that this first condition often denies compensation to deserving victims, for example, abused spouses and children. A significant number of crime victims who have applied for compensation, even those receiving awards, were dissatisfied with delays, inconveniences, poor information, inability to participate, and restrictive eligibility requirements. 38 references
Main Term(s): Victim compensation
Index Term(s): Canada; Great Britain/United Kingdom; Restitution programs; US/foreign comparisons
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