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NCJ Number: 127856 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Termination Rate of Adult Criminal Careers
Author(s): A Blumstein; J Cohen; A Golub
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 103
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 86-IJ-CX-0047
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Survey
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The adult arrest histories of male criminal offenders arrested in the Detroit Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area between January 1974 and December 1977 were studied to determine the rate at which offenders terminated criminal activity and how this rate varied based on offenders' prior criminal records.
Abstract: A total of 20,117 offenders were studied. Arrestees were first divided into groups based on similar demographic information and criminal records prior to the time of a chosen arrest. Average termination rates were estimated for each group based on criminal activity after the chosen arrest using maximum likelihood techniques. The analysis indicates that termination rates generally decreased as the number of prior arrests increased for white, 17-29 year-old offenders (black offenders did not exhibit this variation). Black and white, 30-39 year-old offenders had a lower termination rate than offenders who were 17-29 years old or over 40 years old at the time of arrest. The study concludes that before findings on criminal-career termination rates can be used in developing crime-control policies, additional research is required. The study should be replicated in other jurisdictions using expanded information sources, refined offender attributes, and additional analyses to distinguish between the two competing explanations for a decrease in termination rates with increases in the number of prior arrests. 32-item bibliography and appended tables and equations
Main Term(s): Criminal career patterns
Index Term(s): Criminal histories; Michigan
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