skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 127968 Find in a Library
Title: Hate Violence in the United States
Journal: FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin  Volume:60  Issue:1  Dated:(January 1991)  Pages:14-17
Author(s): F I Clarke
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program Description (Demonstrative)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article describes the FBI's activities and responsibilities in investigating crimes that stem from racial/ethnic hatred ("hate-violence" crimes).
Abstract: Currently, the FBI is the lead Federal agency responsible for investigating hate-violence incidents. Such cases receive top priority in the FBI's Civil Rights Program. Responsibilities include prevention efforts as well as swift action when incidents occur. The FBI has two distinct investigative programs designed to combat hate violence. The Domestic Counter-terrorism Program focuses on the unlawful use of force or violence by terrorist groups for political or social ends. Targeted organizations include hate groups such as The Order, Aryan Nations, the White Patriots Party, and the Skinheads. Such groups target blacks, Orientals, Mexicans, Jews, and other racial and ethnic groups. The FBI can legally investigate violent groups to determine their structure, scope, and membership. Such intelligence information may help prevent violence by these groups. In contrast to the Domestic Counter-terrorism Program, which focuses on organizations, the Civil Rights Program addresses hate violence committed by individuals or small, unorganized groups. This is accomplished by responding to the thousands of criminal civil rights complaints received each year. Case studies of FBI operations under the two aforementioned programs are presented.
Main Term(s): Racially motivated violence
Index Term(s): Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI); Investigative techniques
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.