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NCJ Number: 128143 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Participation in and Frequency of Delinquent Behavior: A Test for Structural Differences
Journal: Journal of Quantitative Criminology  Volume:6  Issue:4  Dated:(December 1990)  Pages:335-356
Author(s): D S Nagin; D A Smith
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: OJP-88-M-273
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: National Youth Survey data collected in 1976 and 1977 do not support the idea that distinguishing between the participation and frequency dimensions of a criminal career is a fundamental requirement for conducting sound research on the causes of crime and delinquency.
Abstract: A national probability sample of 11- to 17-year-olds was surveyed, and the association between participation in and frequency of delinquency was examined using 12 variables drawn from extant theory and research. Three variables (urban residency, hard drug use, and fatherlessness) were found to be unrelated to participation and frequency. Six variables (gender, age, exposure to delinquent peers, degree of family involvement, level of alcohol consumption, and past offending) were found to be significantly related to both dimensions. Three variables (race, size of household, and degree of social isolation) were found to impact frequency but not participation. Results indicate that it would be premature to conclude that a general propensity towards delinquency can explain both participation and frequency, or that such an explanation would require two separate theories. 7 tables and 20 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency theory; Juvenile delinquent demographic data
Index Term(s): Demographic analysis of crime; Juvenile delinquency factors
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