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NCJ Number: 128178 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Learning About AIDS and HIV Transmission in College-Age Students
Journal: Communication Research  Volume:17  Issue:6  Dated:special issue (December 1990)  Pages:743-758
Author(s): J Stiff; M McCormack; E Zook; T Stein; R Henry
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Contract Number: 278-88-0011(ES)
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Byrne's model of emotional reactions to sexual stimuli and Herek's conceptualization of attitudes toward gay men and lesbians provided a framework for assessing the effects of such attitudes on adolescent learning about AIDS and HIV transmission.
Abstract: The study design involved a modified pretest/post-test control group procedure. Both control and experimental groups completed the pretest and the delayed post-test. Following an educational intervention, the experimental group also completed an immediate post-test containing only the knowledge items. Undergraduate students enrolled in introductory communication courses at a large midwestern university volunteered to participate in the study. Several hypotheses were tested concerning the effectiveness of the educational presentation and the influence of extreme attitudes toward gay men and lesbians to evaluate the learning and retention of information. Results demonstrated that the educational presentation produced significant increases in knowledge about AIDS and HIV transmission and that there was good retention of information. Students with extremely positive attitudes toward gay men and lesbians learned more about AIDS than students with extremely negative attitudes. Findings suggest that the conditioning of antigay attitudes toward the AIDS epidemic has an important influence on the extent to which students learn information about psychosoical aspects of AIDS. 17 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Attitudes toward AIDS
Index Term(s): AIDS/HIV education; AIDS/HIV prevention; AIDS/HIV transmission; Homosexuality; Public education
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=128178

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